Archives for October, 2011

31
Oct

On This Day (October 31)

October 31, 451, is the date of Canon 28 of the Council of Chalcedon:

Following in all things the decisions of the holy Fathers, and acknowledging the canon, which has been just read, of the One Hundred and Fifty Bishops beloved-of-God (who assembled in the imperial city of Constantinople, which is New Rome, in the time of the Emperor Theodosius of happy memory), we also do enact and decree the same things concerning the privileges of the most holy Church of Constantinople, which is New Rome. For the Fathers rightly granted privileges to the throne of old Rome, because it was the royal city. And the One Hundred and Fifty most religious Bishops, actuated by the same consideration, gave equal privileges (ἴσα πρεσβεῖα) to the most holy throne of New Rome, justly judging that the city which is honoured with the Sovereignty and the Senate, and enjoys equal privileges with the old imperial Rome, should in ecclesiastical matters also be magnified as she is, and rank next after her; so that, in the Pontic, the Asian, and the Thracian dioceses, the metropolitans only and such bishops also of the Dioceses aforesaid as are among the barbarians, should be ordained by the aforesaid most holy throne of the most holy Church of Constantinople; every metropolitan of the aforesaid dioceses, together with the bishops of his province, ordaining his own provincial bishops, as has been declared by the divine canons; but that, as has been above said, the metropolitans of the aforesaid Dioceses should be ordained by the archbishop of Constantinople, after the proper elections have been held according to custom and have been reported to him.

20
Oct

On This Day (October 20)

On this day in 460, Aelia Eudocia, wife of the emperor Theodosius II, died in Jerusalem (see here and here).

In addition to being Augusta, Eudocia, the daughter of the Athenian sophist Leontius, was a poet who wrote about Roman military victories over Persia, a poem about the martyrdom of Cyprian, a paraphrase of part of the Old Testament, and centones composed of Homeric verses (which, along with the poem on Cyprian, survive).

Aelia Eudocia tremissis